Cyber security Career

What is Ethical Hacking?

What is Ethical Hacking
What is Ethical Hacking

A computer system, program, or data can be accessed by ethical hackers. Ethical hacking refers to the imitation of malicious attackers’ actions and methods. This helps to detect security flaws and fix them before malicious hackers exploit them.

These evaluations are performed by ethical hackers, also known as “white-hat hackers”. They are essential in improving an organization’s security by doing proactive work. Ethical hacking is a different kind of hacking than malicious hacking. This is only possible with the prior approval of the IT asset owner or organization.

A professional who uses the same tools and knowledge as malicious hackers to penetrate networks and systems without malicious intent is called an ethical hacker. It is crucial for businesses to be able to recognize potential threats before they become a problem.

These programs will help you become a Certified Ethical Hacker and prepare you for top IT certifications such as Microsoft. CompTIA. Cisco. Linux.

This blog post will cover ethical hacking. It will also discuss what ethical hackers do and the skills required for ethical hacking.

What are the Key Elements of Ethical Hacking (

There are several protocol elements that ethical hackers must adhere to when it comes to . These are:

  • Remaining within the Legal Bounds – Before performing any cyber security assessments or procedures, ethical hackers must obtain approval. To ensure that their system security testing is within the legal boundaries and those established by an organization, ethical hackers must define the scope of their work.
  • Reporting Existing security vulnerabilities – White hat hackers must inform the company about any vulnerabilities discovered during their evaluation. These hackers should also give instructions on how to fix the issues.
  • Respecting Data Sensitivity Ethical hackers might be asked to sign confidentiality agreements and other conditions as required by the company being reviewed.

What Skills and Certifications Are Required for Ethical Hacking.

A strong understanding of ethical hacking principles is essential for anyone who wants to be an ethical hacker. They must also obtain the appropriate certifications that are part of what is called an ethical hacking security package. These certifications include Certified Ethical Hacker, Advanced Penetration Testing Specialist or EC-Council Licensed Security Analyst (ECSA).

To be successful in their jobs, not all ethical hackers have to go through the certification process. It does provide a way to enhance your skills and gain employment in organizations that employ ethical hacking methods regularly.

Ethical hackers generally have many different computer and ethical hacking abilities.

  • Experience in scripting languages.
  • Proficiency in using various operating systems.
  • Networking: A deep understanding.
  • Information security: A solid foundation

What are the Steps to Ethical Hacking?

Ethical hacking is the detection of security holes in programs, systems, or organizations’ infrastructure that could be used by an attacker to cause harm. This procedure is used to prevent cyber attacks and security breaches. They lawfully hack into systems and search for weaknesses. To gain access to the company’s security defenses, an ethical hacker follows the steps of a malicious hacker (black hat hacker and unethical hacker).

Hackers and attackers use the same five-step hacking method to penetrate a system or network. Hackers can use various methods to hack into the system. They then find gaps and continue accessing the system. Finally, they erase their footprints.

These are the five steps to ethical hacking:

Cyber security Career


The first step in ethical hacking is reconnaissance. This is also known as the information gathering or footprint phase. This preliminary stage aims to collect as much information as possible. The attacker collects all the critical information about the target before launching an attack.

Some data could contain usernames and passwords as well as other important information about staff. An attacker could download an entire website using tools such as HTTPTrack to collect information about a particular person. Or, they may use search engines like Maltego, Maltego, to find out more about the person through various links, job profiles and news.

Reconnaissance is an important phase in ethical hacking. Reconnaissance helps to identify potential attacks and determine how likely it is for the organization’s systems to be affected.

This process gathers data from a variety of locations, including:

  • TCP and UDP Services
  • Various vulnerabilities
  • Specific IP addresses
  • Network host


The scanning stage is the second. This allows attackers to find as many ways as possible to gain access to target’s data. The attacker seeks information such as passwords, user accounts, IP addresses, etc. This is an aspect of ethical hacking. It involves looking for easy ways to gain access to the network and search for data.

The scanning phase is where data and documents are examined. To check records and data, scanners can be used to scan documents and data using tools like dialers, port scanners and network mappers.

Gaining access

Hackers will then use any opportunity to gain illegal access to the target’s applications or systems. An attacker can use many tools and techniques to gain access and enter a system. Hacking is the attempt to hack into the system and exploit it. This includes downloading malicious software or apps, stealing sensitive information, gaining illegal access, and requesting ransom money.

An ethical hacker, or penetration tester, can also secure entry points and ensure that all applications and systems are password-protected. They also protect the network infrastructure with firewalls. To find out which employee is most vulnerable to cybercrime, they may send fake social engineering emails.


Once they have gained access to the target’s systems, white hats will make every effort not to lose access. The ethical hacker uses the system to launch DDoS attacks and steals the entire database.

Trojans and backdoors are programs that can be used to hack into vulnerable systems and steal passwords, documents, and other information. To complete their malicious activities, the intruder will try to keep their illegal access intact throughout the remainder of the operation.

This phase allows ethical hackers scan the entire organization for malicious activities and their root causes. It prevents systems from being exploited.

Hidden Tracks

The final stage of ethical hacking involves clearing one’s tracks in order to avoid being caught. This is to ensure that attackers don’t leave any traceable evidence. This is crucial as ethical hackers need to keep their connections in the system, without raising suspicion from either the incident response team or the forensics team.

The malware is configured to modify, delete, or tamper logs and registry values. The attacker also deletes files, programs, and software, and tracks changed files back at their original value.

These are the five steps of the CEH hacking process, which is taught to all ethical hackers and penetration testers. They can be used to identify and detect vulnerabilities, find possible cyberattack holes, and protect organizations from cyber security breaches.

A certification in ethical hacking can help you to learn more about network infrastructure and security policies. The Certified Ethical hacking (CEH v11 ) is designed to show you how to legally use hacking tools to gain access to a company’s computers.